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Chest Pain

If you experience central chest pain for more than 10 – 15 minutes which may be accompanied by nausea and sweating, call an ambulance by dialling 999. Take an aspirin.

Cuts

If the cut has bled, any germs will normally have been washed away by the blood. Bleeding can usually be stopped by pressing firmly over the cut for 3 – 4 minutes. Apply a plaster to bring the edges together and keep dry for 1 – 2 days. A tetanus jab may be needed if you are not up to date with your injections. If the cut is deep and the edges cannot be pulled together you should visit the local casualty department.

Colds

There is still no cure for the common cold. Take plenty of non-alcoholic drinks. If you have a headache or are feverish take a paracetamol.

Coughs

A cough can be eased by steam inhalations, but this is not recommended for children. Cough mixture can be bought from the pharmacy.

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If breathing is accompanied with chest pain, shortness of breath or wheezing, coughing produces blood, coughing for more than 1 – 2 weeks after a cold.

Bruises

Bruises are very common and normally get better in 7 – 10 days. A cold compress may ease a bad bruise if applied at once. This can be done by soaking some material in cold water or wrapping ice cubes in a towel. Stiffness the next day is usual after bruising.

Nose Bleeds

Sit in a chair, lean forward and pinch your nose continuously just below the bone for at least 10 minutes. The bleeding should then stop. Avoid blowing your nose for 12 hours. If the symptoms persist attend your local chemist.

Sun Burn

Repeat over-exposure to the sun can lead to skin cancer later in life. Sun rays reflect off concrete, water, snow and sand, you may even get sunburn in the shade. A high factor cream is advisable. Treat as for other burns with cold water to remove the heat. Calamine lotion can relieve the irritation and paracetamol will relieve the pain.

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